Flax and hemp fibers are referred to as textile raw materials

Flax and hemp fibers are referred to as textile raw materials with pro-health properties. to the Tukays HSD test. spp. was shown to contribute considerably to pectin-degrading activity and, therefore, to retting [16]. The syringic acid can be 376348-65-1 enzymatically degraded by 376348-65-1 some bacteria [14] and because of that syringic acid content in water retted fibers is the lowest in comparison with the fibers extracted with the use of other methods. The processes of osmotic and wet degumming combined with ultrasound applied for flax fibers were conducted under conditions of continuous flow of clean water, what significantly limited bacterial growth. Contrary to the water retting, no smell was observed during the processes. In the case of dew retting mainly fungi take part in the decomposition of the woody part of fibrous plant stems, whereas the action of bacteria is limited. The content of syringic acid in these types of hemp fibers is lower than in the decorticated fibers and higher than in the water retted ones. The second tested acid, e.g., sinapinic acid, occurred only in hemp fibers, the highest amount was detected in the decorticated Bia?obrzeskie hemp, as well as in the water retted Wojko and Tygra hemp. Sinapinic acid (3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid) can be an orally bioavailable phytochemical, extensively within spices, citrus and berry fruits, vegetables, cereals, and oilseed crops and may exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antimutagenic, anti-glycemic, neuroprotective and antibacterial activities [17]. Furthermore, sinapinic acid can exhibit the so-known as photodimerization properties when illuminated with ultraviolet light [18]. Coumaric and ferulic acids will be the primary hydroxycinnamic acids in flax [7] and so are good applicants to become bound to glycans but also to cellular wall structure proteins [i.electronic., phenyl-phenyl or phenyl-ether linkages] [19]. The evaluation of chemical substance composition of flax and hemp fibers verified that = 3. Lower-case letters reveal significant variations at 0.05 based on the Tukays 376348-65-1 HSD check. 0.05 was regarded as factor. The correlation strategy was selected for evaluation of the grade of the versions due to capability of identification of linear romantic relationship between RFC37 two variables. Pearsons linear correlation coefficients had been determined to be able to evaluate the power of interdependencies between your variables. To be able to give a even more accurate substantive interpretation, the obtained outcomes of the correlation coefficients by means of the linear practical relations with the indication of self-confidence intervals at the amount of 95% were shown. 4. Conclusions The outcomes of the analysis proved that flax and hemp fibers exhibit inherent antioxidant properties, diversity which depends upon the plant range, method of dietary fiber extraction and subsequent phases of the technical chain requested the dietary fiber processing. The examined flax fibers demonstrated higher antioxidant activity in comparison to the hemp fibers. The FRAP and DPPH parameters reached the best ideals for both types of fibers extracted by using decortication. The antioxidant activity is highly correlated with lignin and phenolic acids content material in the fibers. The best ability to decrease Fe ions from Fe+3 to Fe+2 demonstrated decorticated flax fibers of Modran range. The subsequently used processes caused reduced amount of the FRAP and DPPH ideals. This knowledge ought to be found in designing practical textiles in a position to support safety of human pores and skin against reactive oxygen species and UV radiation. Writer Contributions M.Z. concept, style and administration of the analysis, comprehensive results evaluation and discussion, writing the manuscript, W.R. performed a part of the experiment, ATR-FTIR data analysis and discussed FTIR results, took part in writing of the draft of manuscript, A.G. performed some tests, B.R. performed statistical analysis, A.K.-J. performed a part of the experiment. Funding This work was supported by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education. Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflict of interest. Footnotes Sample Availability: Samples of the compounds, samples of tested fibers are available from the authors..

This entry was posted in Main and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.