Purpose: To quantify retinal fluorescence lifetimes in patients with central serous

Purpose: To quantify retinal fluorescence lifetimes in patients with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and to identify disease specific lifetime characteristics over the course of disease. were shortened by 15% and 17% in the respective wavelength channels. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that fluorescence lifetimes were significantly influenced by the disease duration ( 0.001) and accumulation of photoreceptor outer segments (= 0.03) but independent of the presence or absence of subretinal fluid. Prolonged central macular autofluorescence lifetimes, particularly in eyes with retinal pigment epithelial atrophy, were associated with poor visual acuity. Conclusion: This study establishes that autofluorescence lifetime changes occurring in central serous chorioretinopathy exhibit explicit patterns which can be used to estimate perturbations of the outer retinal layers with a purchase Kenpaullone high degree of statistical significance. retinal solution (1 mg/mL; Sigma-Aldrich, Buchs, Switzerland) was applied on the RPE cells and FLIO was measured again. Statistical Analysis A standard early treatment of diabetic retinopathy (ETDRS) grid was used to average FLT within each grid sector (FLIO reader, ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research, University of Bern, Switzerland). Mean lifetime values of the central area (C, diameter (d) = 1 mm), the inner ring (IR, d = 3 mm), and the outer ring (OR, d = 6 mm) were used for further analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using Prism Graph Pad (Prism 6; GraphPad Software Inc, La Jolla, CA). Affected retinal areas in eyes with CSC in different disease stages were compared with corresponding age-matched healthy control eyes by one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s multiple comparison posttest analysis (confidence interval 95%). A linear regression model was used for correlation analysis. values of less than 0.05 were considered to be statistically significant. Fluorescence lifetime data of both spectral channels were analyzed separately. Multiple linear regression analysis was done using SigmaPlot version 12.3 (Systat Software Inc, San Jose, CA). Outcomes Data of 35 eye with central serous chorioretinopathy of 35 individuals and 12 age-matched control topics had been analyzed with this research. All participants had been phakic. Mean age group (Regular deviation) in the CSC group was 46.11 (6.34, range, 29C53) years and 46.08 (8.15, range, 37C55) years in the control group (= 0.99). The mean disease length at period of the 1st FLIO dimension was 24.4 5.3 (SEM) months (range: 0C120 months). non-e from the individuals had IKBKE antibody secondary choroidal neovascularization as assessed by fluorescein angiography. Fifteen patients were investigated in the acute disease stage (0C6 months), 11 between 7 and 18 months, and 16 after over 18 months reported disease duration. Nineteen patients were investigated repeatedly at different stages of disease (duration of follow-up: mean, 9.5 months; range, 2C20 months). Fluorescence Lifetimes in the Acute Disease Stage of Central Serous Chorioretinopathy In patients with acute CSC with reported symptoms of only few days, neither autofluorescence intensity nor FLT did show any disease specific signs and were comparable to FLIO of age-matched healthy control eyes (Figure ?(Figure1).1). In this very early disease stage, characteristic subretinal fluid accumulation was clearly identifiable in the optical coherence tomography as well as the infrared purchase Kenpaullone (IR) picture. However, there is no indication of changes inside the external segments from the photoreceptors or the RPE. With much longer duration of the condition, retinal regions of current or earlier retinal detachment due to subretinal liquid accumulation in severe CSC had been seen as a significantly shorter suggest FLT in both spectral stations (Shape ?(Figure2).2). In the internal band from the ETDRS grid, mean life time values Tm had been 216 8 ps (SEM) purchase Kenpaullone in the brief and 235 6 ps in the very long spectral channel. Therefore, Tm was shortened by 15% in the brief and by 17% in the lengthy spectral channel in comparison to healthful control eye ( 0.01 and 0.0001, respectively; Shape ?Shape3).3). An identical decrease in FLTs in the very long spectral route was also observed in the outer ETDRS band (= ns and 0.001, respectively) and in the central subfield (= ns and 0.0001). In regular conditions, suggest FLT have already been been shown to be shortest inside the macular middle,4 due to macular pigment probably.9 Open up in another window Fig. 1. Fluorescence life time imaging in CSC with latest disease starting point. A. Acute CSC with 3 times duration of symptoms (33-year-old male individual). Subretinal liquid is apparent in OCT; nevertheless, mean FLT are much like settings. B. Healthy control subject matter. Corresponding fluorescence life time picture (FLIO) from the very long spectral route (560C720 nm, color size: 200C400 ps), FAF, and IR picture where the located area of the purchase Kenpaullone OCT scan is.

This entry was posted in Main and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.