The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression

The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression level of TWIST1 in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (BNHL) and its association with the clinicopathological characteristics of BNHL. of TWIST1 was higher in stage III/IV (4.410.12) tissues than in stage I/II BNHL (2.030.08) tissues. In conclusion, TWIST1 expression was higher in the tissue and peripheral blood of patients with BNHL when compared with those with lymphadenosis. Thus, TWIST1 expression was associated with the clinicopathological stage of BNHL. strong class=”kwd-title” Keywords: B cell non-Hodgkin, lymphoma, TWIST1, immunohistochemistry staining Introduction B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (BNHL) refers to a group of malignant tumors caused by malignant B cell monoclonal growth (1). The main clinical treatment for BNHL is usually chemotherapy (2C4); however, the prognosis rate is poor. Currently, bone marrow biopsy is the most reliable method for the clinical diagnosis of BNHL (5,6). Nevertheless, the precise indications for BNHL prognosis and medical diagnosis stay unclear (7,8). The TWIST1 gene, a conserved transcription aspect extremely, belongs for an alkaline helix-loop-helix proteins family and has an important function in embryo advancement. Furthermore, TWIST1 is certainly connected with tumorigenesis, cell proliferation and cell differentiation (9). Prior studies have uncovered the 19545-26-7 fact that TWIST1 gene regulates cell apoptosis and promotes epithelial-mesenchymal changeover via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 (10) and Akt signaling pathways (11,12). BNHL could be induced via an imbalance between your proliferation and apoptosis of B cells (13). TWIST1 continues to be demonstrated to not merely affect tumor cell apoptosis, but also promote the invasion and migration of varied tumors (14). Nevertheless, the function of TWIST1 appearance in BNHL hasn’t yet, to the very best of our understanding, been studied. In today’s study, the expression levels of TWIST1 in the tissues and peripheral blood of 45 cases of BNHL and 21 cases of lymphadenosis were detected using immunohistochemistry, western blot analysis and fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). In addition, the association between TWIST1 expression in the peripheral blood of BNHL patients and the clinicopathological characteristics of BNHL 19545-26-7 were further analyzed. Materials and methods Clinical data of the patients In total, 45 patients that had been diagnosed with BNHL at The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University (rmqi, China) between December 2011 and December 2012 were enrolled in the study. Tissue samples and peripheral 19545-26-7 blood were collected from each patient. Among the 45 patients with BNHL, there were 26 males and 19 females. The age of the patients ranged between 15 and 68 years, with a median age of 45 years and a mean age of 42.5 years. According to the World Health Business classification of lymphoid neoplasms (15), there were 37 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and eight cases of mantle cell lymphoma. According to the Ann Arbor staging system (16), 26 cases of BNHL were in stage III/IV and 19 cases were in stage I/II. For the control group, tissue samples and peripheral blood were collected from 21 patients with lymphadenosis. Of these, 14 were male and seven were 19545-26-7 female, with a mean age of 35 years and a median age of 37 years. Prior written and informed consent was obtained from each patient and the study procedure was approved by the Ethics Review Board of The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. Reagents A rabbit anti-human TWIST1 polyclonal antibody was purchased from Abcam (Burlingame, CA, USA) and an S-P immunocytochemical assay kit was purchased from Beijing Zhongshan Golden Bridge Biotechnology Co., Ltd. (Beijing, China). An EasySpin rapid whole blood RNA extraction kit (spin-column) was obtained from Biomed Biotech Company (Beijing, China) and a Reverse Transcription system was purchased from Chengdu Bo Ruike Biological Company (Chengdu, China). SYBR Green Real-Time PCR reagents were KSHV ORF62 antibody obtained from Kapa Biosystems (Boston, MA, USA). Immunohistochemistry All of the tissues examples were removed and immediately frozen in water nitrogen surgically. Immunohistochemistry was performed using a kit, based on the manufacturers instructions..

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